74) The stress induced in a body, when suddenly loaded, is _____ the stress induced when the same load is applied gradually
Related KPCL AE Mechanical Question Paper - 2018 with Answer Key
1)Conduction: Conduction is a process of heat transfer from one particle of the body to another in the direction of fall of temperature. The particles themselves remain in fixed position relative to each other. The heat transfer in a metal rod is by conduction.
2)Convection: Convection is a process of heat transfer from one particle of the body to another by convection current. In this case, the particles of the body move relative to each other. The heat transfer, in case of liquids and gases, takes place according to convection.
3)Radiation: Radiation is a process of heat transfer from a hot body to a cold body, in a straight line, without affecting the intervening medium. The heat of sun reaches to us according to radiation.
Angle of banking
Whenever a roadway (or railway) is laid on a curved path, then its outer edge is always made higher than the inner edge, to keep the vehicle in equilibrium while in motion.
The amount by which the outer edge is raised, is known as cant or superelevation. In case of roadways, the process of providing superelevation is known as banking of the road.
The general practice, to define the superelevation in roadways, is to mention the angle of inclination (also called angle of banking) of the road surface.
In case of railways, the general practice to define the superelevation, is to mention the difference of levels between the two rails.